Energy (including cables and pipelines) | Compendium Coast and Sea

Energy (including cables and pipelines)

In the Blue Growth Strategy of the European Commission, blue energy is considered to be one of the most important fields. The thematic chapter ‘Energy’ of the Compendium for Coast and Sea includes offshore wind energy, tidal and wave energy, energy storage in the North Sea, submarine pipelines and cables, natural gas installations in Zeebrugge and renewable energy in the coastal zone. With the exception of offshore wind energy, technologies for offshore renewable energy are still in an early stage of development. In 2017, 4,149 turbines were installed and connected to the power grid in the European seas, with a total installed capacity of 15,780 MW. In Belgium, four wind farms (C-Power, Belwind, Nobelwind and Northwind) were operational in 2017 totalling 232 wind turbines and a total installed capacity of 877.2 MW. In the ‘Thematic chapter’, an overview is given of the scientific knowledge, socioeconomic data and legal aspects of the user function ‘Energy’ for the Belgian part of the North Sea. The international, European and federal legislation applicable to this activity is discussed in more detail under ‘Legislation’, while the figures and background data can be consulted in an interactive way by clicking ‘Coastal Portal’. More information about the available expertise regarding energy within the Belgian marine research groups and their relevant research infrastructure can be consulted by clicking ‘Research groups’ and ‘Infrastructure’, respectively.